With the increase in import-export trade activities apart from the availability of substantial resources of sea products as well as the important role in the defense of national waters, it is only appropriate that Malaysia should become an important maritime nation. In the area of shipping, Malaysia owns several large shipping companies such as MISC and GMV.
In 2003, the total number of ships owned by Malaysian shipping companies was 306 with a combined weight of 6 million DWT. This allows Malaysia to be categorised in the 20 most important maritime nations of the world. In shipbuilding and repair work, activities are also increasing. Malaysia now has 50 boat and ship manufacturing companies. In Johor Bahru, the ship repair and maintenance capacity at Malaysia Shipyard & engineering (MSE) includes a 140,000 ton and a 400,000 ton dry dock apart from a synchrolift, the largest in the world.
Ship repair facilities are also found in Kuching, Labuan, Pulau Pinang, Kuala Terengganu and several other places. Maritime activities with such an extensive scope coupled with a rapid growth would surely require a large number of trained workers. The course offered by UTM covers all aspects of marine engineering. Graduates of this course have a good opportunity to serve as Naval Architects and Marine Engineers. In order to qualify as a Marine Engineer, sailing experience and passing several special examinations are required. The graduates of this course are expected to fill up vacancies for technologists in the shipping industry. They will be involved in the maintenance, supervision and management of wharfs and seaports. They are equipped with knowledge which covers all aspects of designing and handling a ship and related matters. There is a wide career opportunity for the degree holder in Marine Technology.
The job areas include the field of shipbuilding, research, maritime, ship design, ship repair, ship inspection and maintenance, academic, consultancy or maritime investigation and several fields associated with the maritime. The prospect in this field is also bright, in line with the current national development trend which aspires to compete keenly in the international maritime industry.
Field Of Study - Marine Engineering And Naval Architecture
The field of Marine Technology is a field which combines two main areas relating to the sea namely Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering. The course retains the field of Mechanical Engineering as the core with subjects such as Statics, Dynamics, Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, Mechanics of Materials. The areas of specialisation for Marine Technology include :-
a. Naval Architecture
Naval Architecture is a study that combines the aspects of science and architecture. It covers studies on the characteristics and shapes of ship bodies, hydrostatic characteristics, stability and shape safety based on standards by classification agencies and the International Maritime Organisation (IMO).
Hydrodynamics is a study of water motion, waves and the sailing of ships. The study gives rise to the shape of ship fit for its purpose. The motion of ship resistance is included in the study. Theoretical study is further enhanced by towing tank and offshore tests.
c. Maritime Engineering and Offshore Structure
This study combines the chemical and physical properties of seas, lakes and rivers, covering corrosion and the relationship between the sea and the weather and studies related to the ocean bed. Studies on waves and their effects on ships and offshore structures are also included.
d. Ship Production Technology
This study focuses on the equipment and systems used to build and repair ship. Additionally, studies on port layout and the use of computers in ship building industry are also included. A brief consideration is given to modern management and planning techniques.
e. Ship Design
All of the basic knowledge in naval architecture, hydrodynamics, structure, etc is integrated in the field of ship design. It starts with an introduction to important elements of ship design followed by practical (hands on) experience on design, drawing and related calculations in producing a suitable design that fulfills a customer’s expectation. Students will also be exposed to several sophisticated computer softwares.
f. Marine Engineering System
This course deals with Marine Engineering Systems. It covers studies in a ship’s Power Plant including Steam Plant, Diesel Engine and Gas Plant apart from Electrical Plant and other Ship Systems such as cooling, air-conditioning, piping, etc. The training provided in this area will produce engineers capable of designing, analysing and operating the power plant and other systems found in a ship and ensure that they function according to the given specifications.
g. Ship Transportation
A ship is a major means of transport either for cargo or passengers. The study here focuses on the improvement and modernisation in transportation technology. The interaction between ship and activities at ports are also discussed.
h. Marine Technology Management
This study gives a basic introduction to marine management which covers economic analysis, offshore transport, marine management planning and project management related to the marine sector. Financial analysis and operations research are also included in the study.
- Graduates are able to apply their knowledge and skill to design, analyse and evaluate mechanical engineering and marine technology systems.
- Graduates are able to identify and solve engineering problems systematically, critically, creatively and analytically.
- Graduates are competent, possess leadership qualities and able to act professionally in the field of mechanical engineering and marine technology.
- Graduates are able to communicate effectively and address issues related to social, cultural and environment.
- Graduates are able to undertake lifelong learning and adapt to the changing environment.
Programme Learning Outcomes
Each graduate will demonstrate the following abilities upon graduation;
- Ability to acquire knowledge and understanding of science and engineering principles relevant to mechanical engineeering and marine technology.
- Ability to apply knowledge, techniques and tools in solving problems relevant to mechanical engineering and marine technology.
- Ability to design and critically evaluate components, processes or systems related to mechanical engineering and marine technology.
- Ability to explore current technologies related to marine technology.
- Abillity to manage engineering projects.
- Ability to prepare, submit and present quality technical reports within a given time frame.
- Ability to communicate effectively as an engineer.
- Ability to work as a team.
- Ability to adapt to technical changes taking into consideration cultural, political and environmental issues.
- Ability to continue lifelong learning.
The complete programme structure for the BEng (Mechanical-Marine Technology) is given here.